Voltage Transformer Grounding or Earthing - Advantages & Disadvantages

In this system of earthing, the neutral point is earthed through the primary winding of a single-phase voltage transformer as shown in the figure below. The secondary winding of the voltage transformer is connected in series with a low resistor and a relay.

Voltage Transformer Grounding or Earthing

As the neutral of the system is connected through voltage transformer. A very high reactance earthing is provided by the voltage transformer. The voltage transformer acts as a fault indicator. If an earth fault occurs on any of the phases, it produces a voltage across the relay connected across the secondary. The relay operates and trips the protecting devices connected. The protecting device, thus isolates the circuit till the fault is eliminated.

The voltage transformer earthed neutral acts as a reflection point for travelling waves passing through the machine winding. These travelling waves cause high voltages in the circuit and in order to prevent high voltage built up a surge diverter is connected between the neutral point and the earth.

Advantages of Voltage Transformer Grounding :

  • Arcing grounds are eliminated.
  • The neutral is earthed through a voltage transformer and thus its operational characteristics are similar to an isolated neutral system.
  • The transient overvoltages are decreased since the voltage transformer grounding system provides extremely high reactance to the earth's path.

Disadvantages of Voltage Transformer Grounding :

  • Insulation of the system is overstressed.
  • For travelling waves, the earth neutral acts as a reflection point which may result in the high voltage build-up.

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