Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line - Unsymmetrical Spacing

In the last article, we have seen the expression for the capacitance of a three-phase transmission line with equal spacing (symmetrical spacing) between the conductors. But in practice, mostly the phase conductors of 3-phase transmission lines are not spaced regularly. This causes different capacitance's on each conductor or phase. In order to balance the capacitances of the phases, the positions of the conductors are interchanged or transposed at equal intervals along the lines. Let us see the expression for the capacitance of a three-phase transmission line with asymmetrical spacing.


Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line with Unsymmetrical Spacing :

Consider a three-phase overhead transmission line with unsymmetrical spacing between the conductors a, b, and c as shown in the figure below.

Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line

Let the voltages Va, Vb, and Vc are supplied to the conductors a, b, and c resulting in the charges q1, q2, and q3 such that, q1 + q2 + q3 = 0 (assuming balanced condition). Let x, y, and z be the spacing between the conductor a, b, and c respectively and r be the radius of each conductor.


Since the conductors are spaced unsymmetrically, the value of voltage from conductor to neutral is not the same for the three conductors. In order to make these voltages equal, the lines are transposed. After that, the value of any conductor to neutral becomes the same and it is given by the average values of the voltage in each position the conductor takes during transposition.


Now, concentrating on conductor 'a' and calculating the voltages in three positions, it takes during the transposition, which is shown below.

Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line

  • When the conductor 'a' is in the position as shown in figure 1 above, the voltage is given by,
    Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
  • When the conductor 'a' is in the position as shown in figure 2 above, the voltage is given by,
    Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
  • When the conductor 'a' is in the position as shown in figure 3 above, the voltage is given by,
    Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
Therefore, the average value of the voltage of the conductor 'a' is given by,
Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
At balanced condition q1 + q2 + q3 = 0. From this q2 + q3 = -q1. Now the above equation can be modified as,
Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
We know that the capacitance of conductor 'a' is given by,
Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line
The above equation gives the capacitance of conductor 'a'. In a similar fashion, the capacitance of the conductors 'b' and 'c' can be formed. They are given by,
Capacitance of Three Phase Transmission Line


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