In the last article, we have seen the torque equation of induction motor i.e., the amount of torque produced on the rotor depends upon rotor current, rotor resistance, rotor reactance, and slip.

From the torque-slip characteristics of the induction motor, it can be noticed that the torque of the motor is directly proportional to the slip until the motor attains its maximum torque T_{max} i.e., at full load.

Once, the amount of load on the motor meets that it has produced its maximum torque, thereby we can see an inverse relation (inverse proportionality) between torque and slip for any further increase in load. The below figure shows the effect of change of load on an induction motor.

Let's see the condition and expression for obtaining the maximum torque in an induction motor.

## Maximum Torque Condition of an Induction Motor :

#### The expression for torque produced in an induction motor under the running condition is given as,
In an induction motor, to obtain maximum torque condition, differentiate the equation of torque with respect to slip (as slip is the variable quantity with respect to torque) and equate it to zero.
Therefore,
Where,- R
_{2} = Rotor resistance - X
_{2} = Rotor reactance - s = Slip of the motor.

_{2}= Rotor resistance_{2}= Rotor reactanceTherefore, the torque produced is maximum when the resistance of the rotor is equal to slip times rotor reactance or we can say under the running condition the torque produced will be maximum when rotor resistance is equal to rotor reactance. From the above condition, the slip 's_{m}' at which the torque is maximum is given by,